Bleeding in Pregnancy

Bleeding in Pregnancy


Bleeding in Pregnancy

Some women may have bleeding at the beginning of pregnancy. It is also known as bleeding. Although there is a little to worry about in the beginning, some pregnant women get nervous. (Bleeding in Pregnancy)

We will discuss the same issue in this article. We will try to know when bleeding is normal and when it is a matter of concern. You will also know some natural home remedies to deal with this problem.

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Is bleeding during pregnancy common?

Bleeding from the vulva is common in pregnancy. Primarily if bleeding occurs in the early stages of pregnancy, there is no need to panic.

Yes, if bleeding is happening more, then you should go to the doctor and have it checked. At the same time, if there is bleeding from the vulva in the second and third trimesters, it is not normal. You should contact the doctor immediately.

Some symptoms indicate bleeding. Let’s know about this.

Symptoms of bleeding during pregnancy

The following types of symptoms may occur before bleeding in pregnancy. Not all women have the same symptoms.

  • Dizziness
  • Syncope
  • Fever and chills
  • stomach ache
  • Shoulder pain and discomfort
  • Unusual odour in vaginal discharge

Now we will talk about the causes of bleeding.

Causes of bleeding in pregnancy

There can be many reasons for bleeding in pregnancy. We are telling this based on three quarters



In this, the fetus dies in womb itself.

Ectopic pregnancy

When the egg is fully fertilized in the fallopian tube outside the uterus. It is most feared in the initial months.

Vesicular moles

Also known as hydatiform moles. In this, the fertilized egg develops abnormally, or the tissue in the placenta (placenta) is excessive.

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Second and third quarter

Placenta Priva

The placenta connects the fetus to the uterus, but in some cases, the placenta moves down and covers the cervix. This can cause bleeding.

Premature delivery

Bleeding can occur even if there is a possibility of delivery during the 20 to 37th week.

Placenta detachment

In some cases, the placenta separates from the uterus before delivery. It can also cause bleeding.

Blood vessels rupture

When fetal blood vessels rupture, bleeding can also occur. It is through these blood vessels that blood is transmitted from mother to child.

It is also important to know how to diagnose bleeding in pregnancy.

Diagnosis of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy.

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To diagnose abnormal bleeding during pregnancy, doctors follow the following procedures:

Medical history

The doctor might ask you if there was any problem such as abdominal pain or cramps while making a physical relationship.

The doctor may ask some questions related to your bleeding.

One can ask about smoking and drinking habits.

Apart from this, you can get some information related to pre-pregnancy like Caesarean delivery, placenta praevia, premature delivery etc.

Physical examination

The size of your abdomen and uterus will be checked.

Whether blood comes out of your nose and rectum will also be detected.

Detection through the uterus is due to ectopic pregnancy or due to miscarriage.

It is also essential for the doctor to know how much bleeding and abdominal pain are happening.

If there is a problem of placenta praevia in late pregnancy, an abdominal ultrasound will be performed. If the ultrasound does not reveal the procedure, a sterile speculum vaginal examination will be done. And if this test is also normal, then digital Will be investigated. Also, the fetal heart rate will be checked.

Lab test

Whether or not there is urinary tract infection (UTI) will be investigated. The risk of miscarriage increases when there is a UTI problem in pregnancy.

Regular blood counts will be done to find out how much bleeding has been done.

Quantitative blood serum test (HCG) will also be done. This test can tell the exact amount of HCG in the blood. With the help of this test, doctors can tell whether your pregnancy is going well or not.


It can be ascertained whether ectopic pregnancy is there. It is also ascertained that there is no blood in the pelvis.

Placenta praevia can be detected late in pregnancy.

Placental abruption can be detected.

Particular types of ultrasound (Doppler) can be used to detect blood flow in blood vessels.

Now we are talking about the treatment to be done for this problem.

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Treatment for early pregnancy bleeding

Treatment for the first trimester bleeding

Ectopic pregnancy: Ultrasound can detect the causes of ectopic pregnancy. Doctors can give you medicines or even do your surgery.

If you do not have to take medicines, you can have surgery. In operation, the fallopian remove ectopic pregnancy through the tube.

Threatened Abortion

If bleeding starts before 20 weeks of pregnancy, it is called Threatened Abortion. The doctor may advise you to rest until your pain and bleeding has subsided. They will also refuse to have a physical relationship for at least three weeks.

Incomplete abortion

If your abortion is incomplete, the doctor will remove part of the fetus from the vagina. This process is called D and C, i.e. dilation and curation process.

This procedure is done to clean the woman’s cervix. This process is done to avoid future infections.

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Missed abortion

If you are bleeding due to abortion, the doctor will ask you to enter the hospital or take treatment at home. During this treatment, the size and age of the fetus are of considerable importance.

Complete abortion

During this treatment, the fetus and its associated tissue are removed. You will be allowed to go home when no tissue is visible in your ultrasound.

Treatment for second and third trimester bleeding

Late pregnancy

If you have bleeding during late pregnancy, then you will be taken care of your anaemia. You will be offered blood.

Placenta praevia

If you have a placenta praevia problem, you may have a caesarean delivery. At the same time, if your pregnancy is less than 36 weeks, and bleeding is not much, the doctor will take care of your blood count and fetal beats.

Medication will be given to the fetus’s lungs to develop correctly. When it is 36 weeks, the doctor will again examine the fetus’s lungs, and you will be delivered accordingly.

Placental abruption: 

During this period, caesarean delivery is replaced by standard delivery. At the same time, if the situation is more serious, then caesarean delivery is done.

It is also important for us to know about the home remedies which can give some relief from this problem.

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Home remedies to stop bleeding in pregnancy

In case of bleeding during pregnancy, these home remedies can be adopted:


You should not lift the excess weight and do not work too hard.

Drink more water

Drink as much water as you can. Do not stay thirsty for long. Drinking water will keep your body hydrated.

Use a tampon

By using a tampon, you will be able to take care of your bleeding and will also be able to stay clean during pregnancy.

Guava Leaves

Some guava leaves can be consumed.

Folic acid

Folic acid is essential for both mother and baby. Its use balances hormones. Also, the process of the placenta is even better, and the fetus is protected.

This folic acid can also reduce the risk of miscarriage to some extent. Also, the problem of bleeding can be relieved.


A lack of progesterone can also cause bleeding problems. Therefore, supplements of progesterone must be taken during pregnancy. This can also reduce the risk of miscarriage.

Sexual intercourse

If you have excessive bleeding, you should avoid having sexual relations during pregnancy. This is important for both woman and her upcoming baby.

Even after all these remedies, there are some conditions in which it is necessary to go to the doctor.

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When to talk to a doctor when there is bleeding in pregnancy?

In the following circumstances, you should get a doctor checked up immediately.

First trimester (1–12 weeks)

If you have more than one day bleeding, you should immediately go to the doctor for a checkup. If you have a fever or abdominal pain, you can still go to the doctor.

Second Quarter (13-24 weeks)

If the bleeding lasts for more than a day or if the pad is filled with bleeding within an hour, then it means that you need to go to the doctor. Also, you should see a doctor if you are continually bleeding and have abdominal pain, cramps, fever and chills.

Third Quarter (25-40 weeks)

If you are continually bleeding and have abdominal pain, see a doctor. Discharge of light pink during this time can be a sign of labour pain.

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Frequently Asked Questions on Bleeding in Pregnancy

If there is bleeding during pregnancy, will my baby be safe?

Although abortion is not feared due to bleeding, there can be many other reasons for bleeding. This includes ectopic pregnancy, abortion, placental abortion, etc. Therefore, whenever bleeding occurs, go to the doctor and get your checkup done.

How many days will the bleeding be in pregnancy?

Some women may have bleeding or spotting in the first trimester of pregnancy, i.e. the first 12 weeks. At the same time, after bleeding in the second and third quarter, go to the doctor and get your checkup done.

You should take special care of yourself during the pregnancy. If there is bleeding in the second or third trimester or if there is too much bleeding in the first trimester, then get a doctor checked immediately.

And, if you take care of even the smallest thing during pregnancy, then you can avoid big problem in future. If you have any other query or question related to bleeding, you can ask us in the comment box below.


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